The Effects of Emotional Intelligence on Bullying and Victimisation in Schools: Grades 4 to 6
Researchers: Professor Con Stough (Swinburne University), Emily Bunnett (PhD candidate; Swinburne University) & Professor Donald Saklofske (University of Western Ontario)
We would like to inform you of our exciting new research and invite you to get your children in Grades 4 to 6 involved in it. You will also have the opportunity to participate in a brief parent survey to personally contribute to the study (though this is not required for children to participate).
Emotional Intelligence (EI) is defined as one’s proficiency in understanding, using, regulating, expressing and recognising their own and others’ emotions. Research has shown that it is an important skill as it is associated with many adaptive and healthy life outcomes including enhanced well-being, self-esteem, resilience, social competence, academic achievement and work performance. Moreover, lower EI scores have been linked to increased rates of bullying and victimisation in schools, and unlike IQ may be improved through training, therefore providing a potential avenue for change in this area.
The researchers, wish to further validate and standardise a newly developed measure of EI for young children (i.e., aged 13 years and younger); the Revised Swinburne University Emotional Intelligence Test- Early Years, in order to be able to investigate the degree to which the aforementioned findings may be extended from adolescents and adults to young children. Furthermore, they aim to employ the data obtained from this scale to assess the effects of EI on bullying and victimization in schools, whilst taking into account their relationships with resilience, aggression, coping, self-esteem and academic achievement.
The investigation of the relationships between EI and these associated variables will subsequently inform the development of a targeted intervention and prevention program for bullying and victimisation in schools .
Students in Grades 4 to 6 will be asked to complete an online questionnaire battery.
We are writing to request your permission for your child to participate in this study and to use the information obtained to assess the aims of this research. The questionnaire battery can be accessed by continuing through the information and consent pages until the student information and consent page is reached, at which point your child will take over.
Furthermore, the researchers would like you to please provide a summary of your child’s academic grades/achievement scores on the page following the parental consent notice, this information will remain subject to the same privacy guidelines outlined below. However, this information does not need to be provided for your child to participate should you wish not to include it or do not currently have access to it.
All data files will be de-identified, excluding the original following coding and prior to any further analyses to ensure that your confidentiality is maintained at all times.
De-identification will be completed once data has been coded to enable all corresponding data (i.e., obtained from students, teachers and parents) to be paired. The identifiable copy of the data set will be securely and confidentially stored for 3 years under Professor Con Stough’s control then securely destroyed.
The overall findings from this study may, upon completion, appear in publications and/or presentations at conferences and meetings.
Please note that the current study is being completed as a part of Emily Bunnett’s PhD candidature requirements, thus the results may also be submitted for assessment as a part of her final project.
Only group data will be analysed and reported, hence your child will not be identifiable. Adverse effects are not anticipated from participating in this study. Though the Peer Relations Assessment Questionnaire-Revised (PRAQ-R; Rigby 1997), one of the scales included in the questionnaire battery, will ask questions regarding students’ experiences of bullying and victimisation at school.
During testing please observe your child carefully for any signs of discomfort, and check that they are ok if you are concerned. If any discomfort persists please contact the researchers to obtain advice on the appropriate supports available. Nevertheless, such instances are highly unlikely and not foreseeable regarding participation in the current study. The PRAQ-R has been used in very large samples in a great number of studies across the world and in Australia, with no previous signs of discomfort being noted. The current researchers have also successfully used this scale in multiple samples of students within this age range. Should you request access to your child’s data on the basis of your duty of care or out of concern for their health and well-being, the researchers’ are ethically required to provide you with this information unless there is a compelling reason not to, in line with the Swinburne Data Management Guidelines for research involving minors. At no other stage will your child’s identifiable data be accessible to any parties, excluding Professor Con Stough.
If you wish to provide consent for your child’s involvement, please continue to the next page and complete the consent and academic achievement pages prior to having your child complete the questionnaire. You should hit the “NEXT” tab at the bottom of the academic page, which will bring up the student informed consent notice, prior to them entering the room. Please set your child up in a quiet setting with no distractions and ensure that they read and understand the information provided prior to completing the questionnaire.
We would also like to invite parents/guardians of children who complete this questionnaire battery to complete parent version of the PRAQ-R. The survey will only take approximately 5 to 10 minutes to complete. We are collecting this information in order to determine the accuracy of young children’s self-reports regarding their peer relations, through comparing them with reports from their parents/guardians. This may also provide you the opportunity to share this test taking experience with your child.
This is not compulsory in order for your child to take part in the study at school. That is, your child may still participate in the study should you not wish to complete the parent version of the PRAQ-R. Further information and the survey may be accessed by copying and pasting the URL below into your internet search engine:
Any questions regarding this research and the questionnaire included can be directed to Emily Bunnett at firstname.lastname@example.org or alternatively via mail to: Emotional Intelligence Research Unit, Swinburne University of Technology, PO Box 218, Mail H99, Hawthorn, VIC, 3122. Alternatively, Professor Con Stough may be contacted via email on email@example.com or via phone call on 9214 8167.
Parental Informed Consent
Please note: this page must only be completed by the parent(s)/guardian(s) of the child who is permitted to complete the following questionnaire.
School Grade/Year Level of Dependent
By completing this page and providing my child’s academic information, then continuing to the questionnaire battery for my/our child to complete I declare that:
a) I/we are the parent(s)/guardian(s) of the child for whom I/we will be continuing to the questionnaire battery for them to complete
b) My/Our child is between the ages of 7.5 and 13 years and is completing Grade 4, 5 or 6
Please provide your dependent’s average grades
(e.g., A+ to F or HD to NP or scores between 0 and 100) for this year in each